English speakers often use the term to mean “a favor for a favor” and the phrases with almost identical meaning include: “what for what”, “give and take”, “tit for tat”, “this for that”, and “you scratch my back, and I’ll scratch yours”.
The formulae and strategy has been a successful conduit of corrupt governance from time immemorial which has been even cited by the historical Indian economist like Kautilya and Chanakya, the political guru age old monarchs.
In the pre independence period the British exploited the â€˜QPQâ€™ ploy to woo local chieftains and princes in India and also make them fight against each other.
In the post independence period the QPQ policy was the hallmark of the successive congress governments in all states and centre. The agitation against such a concept came in the form of Jayaprakash Narayan campaign against congress Government of Indira Gandhi. The TDP which came to power in 1981 under Dr N T Rama Rao championed the fight against corrupt congress with campaigns on liquor and other issues. Later under the stewardship of Sri.Chandrababu Naidu, the TDP said a total successfulÂ â€˜good byeâ€™ to the corrupt policies followed by the congress chief ministers like M Channa Reddy, Nadendla Bhaskar Rao and later revived Y S Rajasekhar Reddy.
Since then several non-congress Governments have succeeded in putting an end to such practice except for the recent exposure in Karnataka led by B S Yediyurappa.
The QPQ is a criminal offense under article 420, 409, 477-A and also u/s 13(2) Â© and (d) of the PD Act of 1988 with punishment ranging from 17 years to 23 years. Either together or separately.
Y S jaganmohan Reddy who QPQed andhra pradesh for seven years with connivanc of his father YSR and chosen officials is a standing example of how corrupt adminsitration bred more corruption.
A rough estimate by the investigating agencies probing Jagan is around amassing of public wealth by Jagan to the tune of Rs.43,000 crore as on date as per the writ petitions which may go increase as the skeletons in the cuborad of japan’s palaces are thoroughly exposed.
At a Glance – How YS Jagan empire bloomed:
- Jagan was a spoiled brat before 2004. Kept himself mostly to Bangalore and Kadapa.
- Jagan friendly with Karnataka politicians and businessmen than those in AP.
- YSRâ€™s son-in-law involved in a telecom company which multi international call racket, got off with huge fines.
- Before 2004 YSRâ€™s barytes mining business under loss after cancellation of Mangampeta mining leases.
- Suffered losses in some Â power project sub-contracts in MP and HP.
- Had sold away Andhra Pradesh Carbides due to losses.
- Even his Banjara Hills Road-2 House was under litigation.
- Jagans Sandur Power project slowed due to lack of funds.
- YSRâ€™s Â becoming CM was a god send to Â family.
- As he conceived Outer Ring Road, many family bought land at pea nuts and sold away later for huge margins.
- There after all government projects became guinea pigs for the family and friends to mint money- Jalayagnam â€“ infrastructure and power projects were targets.
- While YSR mooted projects â€“ KVP and Jagan worked out conduits to stash bribe money.
- Jaganâ€™s core group comprising of Vijai Sai Reddy, Ram and financial analyst Â Pradeep came out with a contingency plan to route bribe money.
- Several dummies and also small time companies formed to accept bribe money in form of purchase of quity scrips at premiums.
- Launched Jagati publications to counter adverse campaign by Eenadu and Andhra Jyothi.
- Dropped plans for English Channel as elections were around and hard to get anchormen in English.
- Two to three Mauritius companies were also brought in to invest in Sandur and Jagati.
- Even a month before YSR death, i.e. Â July end of 2009 YSR and KVP had finalized plans to extend land allocations to nearly 170 companiesâ€™. They were in minutes of the first cabinet meeting also.
- Rosaiah had Â negatives the minutes of last cabinet meeting of YSR and asked for fresh look into the same.
- Jagan and KVP campaigned against Rosaiah and only after AICC admonishment kept quiet.